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Reports Year : 2023

A notion of vertex equitability for proper labellings


We introduce an equitable version of proper labellings of graphs, where the notion of equitability is with respect to the resulting vertex sums. That is, we are interested in $k$-labellings where, when computing the sums of labels incident to the vertices, we get a vertex-colouring that is not proper only, but also equitable. For a given graph $G$, we are interested in the parameter $\overline{\chi}_\Sigma(G)$, which is the smallest $k \geq 1$ (if any) such that $G$ admits such $k$-labellings. Through examples of particular graph classes, we observe that this new parameter $\overline{\chi}_\Sigma$ behaves sort of similarly to the parameters $\chi_\Sigma$ and $s$, which parameters lie behind the 1-2-3 Conjecture and the irregularity strength of graphs, in a more or less strong way, depending on the graphs considered. We then prove general bounds on $\overline{\chi}_\Sigma$, showing that, in some contexts (trees and connected graphs with large minimum degree), this parameter is bounded above by roughly $\frac{3n}{4}$ for an $n$-graph. We also prove that determining $\overline{\chi}_\Sigma$ is \textsf{NP}-hard in general, and finish off with directions for further work on the topic.
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hal-04012367 , version 1 (02-03-2023)


  • HAL Id : hal-04012367 , version 1


Julien Bensmail. A notion of vertex equitability for proper labellings. Université côte d'azur. 2023. ⟨hal-04012367⟩
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