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Light scalar explanation for 18 TeV GRB 221009A

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Shyam Balaji
  • Function : Author
Maura E. Ramirez-Quezada
  • Function : Author
Joseph Silk
  • Function : Author
Yongchao Zhang
  • Function : Author


Recent astrophysical transient Swift J1913.1+1946 may be associated with the $\gamma$-ray burst GRB 221009A. The redshift of this event is $z\simeq 0.151$. Very high-energy $\gamma$-rays (up to 18 TeV) followed the transient and were observed by LHAASO, additionally Carpet-2 detected a photon-like air shower of 251 TeV. Photons of such high energy are expected to readily annihilate with the diffuse extragalactic background light (EBL) before reaching Earth. If the $\gamma$-ray identification and redshift measurements are correct, new physics could be necessary to explain these measurements. This letter provides the first CP-even scalar explanation of the most energetic 18 TeV event reported by LHAASO. In this minimal scenario, the light scalar singlet $S$ mixes with the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson $h$. The highly boosted $S$ particles are produced in the GRB and then undergo the radiative decay di-photon $S\rightarrow \gamma\gamma$ while propagating to Earth. The resulting photons may thus be produced at a remote region without being nullified by the EBL. Hence, the usual exponential reduction of $\gamma$-rays is lifted due to an attenuation that is inverse in the optical depth, which becomes much larger due to the scalar carriers.

Dates and versions

hal-03949450 , version 1 (20-01-2023)



Shyam Balaji, Maura E. Ramirez-Quezada, Joseph Silk, Yongchao Zhang. Light scalar explanation for 18 TeV GRB 221009A. 2023. ⟨hal-03949450⟩
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