Measurement report: Atmospheric new particle formation at a peri-urban site in Lille, northern France - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Year : 2023

Measurement report: Atmospheric new particle formation at a peri-urban site in Lille, northern France

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Abstract

Formation of ultrafine particles (UFPs) in the urban atmosphere is expected to be less favored than in the rural atmosphere due to the high existing particle surface area acting as a sink for newly formed particles. Despite large condensation sink (CS) values, previous comparative studies between rural and urban sites reported higher frequency of new particle formation (NPF) events over urban sites in comparison to background sites as well as higher particle formation and growth rates attributed to the higher concentration of condensable species. The present study aims at a better understanding the environmental factors favoring, or disfavoring, atmospheric NPF over Lille, a large city in the north of France, and to analyze their impact on particle number concentration using a 4-year long-term dataset. The results highlight a strong seasonal variation of NPF occurrences with a maximum frequency observed during spring (27 events) and summer (53 events). It was found that high temperature (T > 295 K), low relative humidity (RH < 45 %), and high solar radiation are ideal to observe NPF events over Lille. Relatively high CS values (i.e., ∼ 2 × 10 −2 s −1) are reported during event days suggesting that high CS does not inhibit the occurrence of NPF over the ATmospheric Observations in LiLLE (ATOLL) station. Moreover, the particle growth rate was positively correlated with temperatures most probably due to higher emission of precursors. Finally, the nucleation strength factor (NSF) was calculated to highlight the impact of those NPF events on particle number concentrations. NSF reached a maximum of four in summer, evidencing a huge contribution of NPF events to particle number concentration at this time of the year.
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Dates and versions

hal-03924644 , version 1 (05-01-2023)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Suzanne Crumeyrolle, Jenni S S Kontkanen, Clémence Rose, Alejandra Velazquez Garcia, Eric Bourrianne, et al.. Measurement report: Atmospheric new particle formation at a peri-urban site in Lille, northern France. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2023, ⟨10.5194/acp-23-183-2023⟩. ⟨hal-03924644⟩
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