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Journal Articles Energy Journal Year : 2023

Residential CO2 Emissions in Europe and Carbon Taxation: A Country-Level Assessment

Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of residential CO 2 emissions, which are not covered by the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), in 19 European countries between 2000-2017. Using both static and dynamic panel models, we found strong relationships between CO 2 emissions per capita, GDP per capita, energy prices and heating needs. We then assessed the impact of European carbon taxation and show that a e20/tonne CO 2 tax lowers emissions by 1% on average. We found that this tax affects countries differently in terms of tax revenue-to-GDP ratio. Poland and the Czech Republic would have to pay the highest contribution, and Portugal and Denmark the lowest. Finally, we propose a scenario that equalizes countries' tax burdens. We show that, were Europe to redistribute all tax revenues, the main beneficiaries would be Poland and Belgium, while Denmark and Luxembourg would have to pay a surtax.
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hal-03901487 , version 1 (15-12-2022)

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Dorothée Charlier, Mouez Fodha, Djamel Kirat. Residential CO2 Emissions in Europe and Carbon Taxation: A Country-Level Assessment. Energy Journal, 2023, 44 (5), ⟨10.5547/01956574.44.4.dcha⟩. ⟨hal-03901487⟩
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