Illusory Inferences in a Question-Based Theory of Reasoning - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Book Sections Year : 2018

Illusory Inferences in a Question-Based Theory of Reasoning

Salvador Mascarenhas


The erotetic, or question-based, theory of reasoning has been developed from an account of utterance interpretation but moves beyond interpretation to a general account of human reasoning with multiple premises that covers both ideal valid reasoning as well as fallacious reasoning. The core idea of the erotetic theory of reasoning is that reasoners treat premises as questions and maximally strong answers, which can be made mathematically precise using tools from philosophy and linguistics. We present three experiments showing new fallacious inferences predicted by the erotetic theory, some of which are so frequently endorsed to be akin to cognitive illusions. The results suggest that similar phenomena discussed in the literature are more general and systematic than had been thought.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
koralus-mascarenhas16_question_based.pdf (133.51 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03875656 , version 1 (28-11-2022)



Philipp Koralus, Salvador Mascarenhas. Illusory Inferences in a Question-Based Theory of Reasoning. Ken Turner; Laurence Horn. Pragmatics, Truth and Underspecification: Towards an Atlas of Meaning, 34, BRILL, pp.300-322, 2018, Current Research in the Semantics / Pragmatics Interfac, ⟨10.1163/9789004365445_011⟩. ⟨hal-03875656⟩
2 View
26 Download



Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More