Spatial variability of the erodibility of fine sediments deposited in two alpine gravel-bed rivers: The Isère and Galabre - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles CATENA Year : 2022

Spatial variability of the erodibility of fine sediments deposited in two alpine gravel-bed rivers: The Isère and Galabre

Abstract

In mountainous environments, high suspended sediment load during runoff or dam flushing events can lead to important amounts of fine deposits in gravel bed rivers. Fine sediment deposits may contribute to bar elevation, riparian vegetation growth and consequently to bar stabilization. Despite their contribution to the morphodynamic of mountain rivers, the erosion properties of fine sediments in this context is not fully understood. In order to investigate the dynamics of re-suspension of these deposits, field monitoring campaigns were performed to explore both the spatial variability and the controlling factors of the erodibility of fine deposits. A cohesive strength-meter (CSM), along with moisture, grain sizes, geographical position and elevation were used to evaluate both the critical bed shear stress for erosion and erosion rate of fine sediment deposits in two rivers of the French Alps: the Isère and Galabre. The results highlight a large variety of fine sediment deposition areas, which are discontinuous compared to those in estuaries and lowland rivers. A high spatial variability of erodibility was observed on the reach, the bar and the metric scale. While no upstream–downstream trend was observed at the scale of both studied reaches, the locations of the deposits, elevation from the river surface and their moisture were inter-related variables and with the highest correlations to erodibility. Measurements showed that both dry and humid deposits located at the highest and lowest elevation from the river surface respectively, were more easily eroded than intermediate deposits with medium moisture.
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Dates and versions

hal-03849116 , version 1 (11-11-2022)

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Hanna Haddad, Magali Jodeau, Cédric Legout, Germain Antoine, Ian Droppo. Spatial variability of the erodibility of fine sediments deposited in two alpine gravel-bed rivers: The Isère and Galabre. CATENA, 2022, 212, pp.106084. ⟨10.1016/j.catena.2022.106084⟩. ⟨hal-03849116⟩
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