Iron insertion at the assembly site of the ISCU scaffold protein is a conserved process initiating Fe–S cluster biosynthesis - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the American Chemical Society Year : 2022

Iron insertion at the assembly site of the ISCU scaffold protein is a conserved process initiating Fe–S cluster biosynthesis

Gautier Landrot
Andrea Zitolo
Emiliano Fonda
Jesse B Gordon
Vishal Yadav
David P Goldberg

Abstract

Iron−sulfur (Fe−S) clusters are prosthetic groups of proteins biosynthesized on scaffold proteins by highly conserved multi-protein machineries. Biosynthesis of Fe−S clusters into the ISCU scaffold protein is initiated by ferrous iron insertion, followed by sulfur acquisition, via a still elusive mechanism. Notably, whether iron initially binds to the ISCU cysteine-rich assembly site or to a cysteine-less auxiliary site via N/O ligands remains unclear. We show here by SEC, circular dichroism (CD), and Mossbauer spectroscopies that iron binds to the assembly site of the monomeric form of prokaryotic and eukaryotic ISCU proteins via either one or two cysteines, referred to the 1-Cys and 2-Cys forms, respectively. The latter predominated at pH 8.0 and correlated with the Fe−S cluster assembly activity, whereas the former increased at a more acidic pH, together with free iron, suggesting that it constitutes an intermediate of the iron insertion process. Iron not binding to the assembly site was non-specifically bound to the aggregated ISCU, ruling out the existence of a structurally defined auxiliary site in ISCU. Characterization of the 2-Cys form by site-directed mutagenesis, CD, NMR, X-ray absorption, Mossbauer, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies showed that the iron center is coordinated by four strictly conserved amino acids of the assembly site, Cys35, Asp37, Cys61, and His103, in a tetrahedral geometry. The sulfur receptor Cys104 was at a very close distance and apparently bound to the iron center when His103 was missing, which may enable iron-dependent sulfur acquisition. Altogether, these data provide the structural basis to elucidate the Fe−S cluster assembly process and establish that the initiation of Fe−S cluster biosynthesis by insertion of a ferrous iron in the assembly site of ISCU is a conserved mechanism.
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Dates and versions

hal-03837292 , version 1 (31-01-2023)

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Batoul Srour, Sylvain Gervason, Maren Hellen Hoock, Beata Monfort, Kristian Want, et al.. Iron insertion at the assembly site of the ISCU scaffold protein is a conserved process initiating Fe–S cluster biosynthesis. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2022, 144 (38), pp.17496 - 17515. ⟨10.1021/jacs.2c06338⟩. ⟨hal-03837292⟩
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