Simplification of ankle-brachial-index measurement using Doppler-waveform classification in symptomatic patients suspected of lower extremity artery disease - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine Year : 2022

Simplification of ankle-brachial-index measurement using Doppler-waveform classification in symptomatic patients suspected of lower extremity artery disease

Abstract

Objectives: Ankle-brachial index (ABI) is commonly used for screening lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) according to the international guidelines. Arterial Doppler waveform recordings is a tool to diagnose and assess PAD severity. We hypothesized that ABI measurement could be simplified by measuring only the pressure where the best arterial flow is recorded. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance between ABI performed according to the American Heart Association guidelines (AHA-ABI) and ABI measured according to best arterial waveform (FLOW-ABI).Design: This was a monocentric cross-sectional study.Methods: We included patients with exertional limb symptoms suspected of PAD. Arterial Doppler waveforms and ABI were acquired on both lower extremities at the pedis and tibial posterior arteries. Each arterial waveform was classified using the Saint-Bonnet classification. Concordances were analyzed with the kappa coefficient (confidence interval 95%). Exercise PAD study was registered n° NCT03186391.Results: In total, one hundred and eighty-eight patients (62+/-12 years and 26.8+/-4.5 kg/m2) with exertional limb symptoms were included from May 2016 to June 2019. On each extremity, FLOW-ABI had excellent concordance for the diagnosis of PAD with the AHA-ABI with a kappa of 0.95 (95% CI: 0.90, 0.99) in the right extremity and 0.91 (95% CI: 0.86, 0.97) in the left extremity.Conclusion: There is almost perfect concordance between AHA-ABI and FLOW-ABI. Thus, ABI can be simplified into five pressure measurements instead of seven in patient suspected of PAD with exertional limb symptoms. The question remains in patients with chronic limb ischemia.
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hal-03796388 , version 1 (15-02-2024)
hal-03796388 , version 2 (15-02-2024)

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Antoine Metairie, Quentin Tollenaere, Damien Lanéelle, Alexis Le Faucheur, Estelle Le Pabic, et al.. Simplification of ankle-brachial-index measurement using Doppler-waveform classification in symptomatic patients suspected of lower extremity artery disease. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2022, 9, pp.941600. ⟨10.3389/fcvm.2022.941600⟩. ⟨hal-03796388v2⟩
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