A New Saharan Strain of Streptomyces sp. GSB-11 Produces Maculosin and N-acetyltyramine Active Against Multidrug-Resistant Pathogenic Bacteria - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Current Microbiology Year : 2022

A New Saharan Strain of Streptomyces sp. GSB-11 Produces Maculosin and N-acetyltyramine Active Against Multidrug-Resistant Pathogenic Bacteria

Abstract

Multi-resistant bacterial pathogens are a major public health problem for treating nosocomial infections owing to their high resistance to antibiotics. The objective of this research was to characterize the bioactive molecules secreted by a novel moderately halophilic actinobacterium strain, designated GSB-11, exhibiting a strong antagonistic activity against several multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. This potential strain was identified by phenotypic, genotypic (16S rRNA), and phylogenetic analyses. GSB-11 was related to “Streptomyces acrimycini” NBRC 12736 T with 99.59% similarity. Molecular screening by PCR assay demonstrated that the strain possesses two biosynthetic genes coding for NRPS and PKS-II. Two active compounds GSB11-6 and GSB11-7 were extracted from the cell-free culture supernatant of Bennett medium and purified using reversed-phase HPLC. According to spectrometric (mass spectrum) and spectroscopic (1H NMR, 13C NMR, 1H-1H COSY, and 1H-13C HMBC) spectra analyses, the compounds GSB11-6 and GSB11-7 were identified to be maculosin and N-acetyltyramine, respectively. Their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) revealed interesting values against certain multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. They were between 5 and 15 mg/mL for GSB11-6, 10 and 30 mg/mL for GSB11-7. To our best knowledge, this is the first study of these active substances isolated from “Streptomyces acrimycini” showing an interesting antibacterial activity. Therefore, these essential compounds could be candidates for future research against multidrug-resistant bacteria.
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Dates and versions

hal-03789449 , version 1 (27-09-2022)

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El Hadj Driche, Boubekeur Badji, Christian Bijani, Saïd Belghit, Frédéric Pont, et al.. A New Saharan Strain of Streptomyces sp. GSB-11 Produces Maculosin and N-acetyltyramine Active Against Multidrug-Resistant Pathogenic Bacteria. Current Microbiology, 2022, 79 (10), pp.298. ⟨10.1007/s00284-022-02994-3⟩. ⟨hal-03789449⟩
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