Combined in vivo and in situ genome-resolved metagenomics reveals novel symbiotic nitrogen fixing interactions between non-cyanobacterial diazotrophs and microalgae - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2022

Combined in vivo and in situ genome-resolved metagenomics reveals novel symbiotic nitrogen fixing interactions between non-cyanobacterial diazotrophs and microalgae

Abstract

Abstract Non-cyanobacteria diazotrophs (NCDs) were shown to dominate in surface waters shifting the long-held paradigm of cyanobacteria dominance and raising fundamental questions on how these putative heterotrophic bacteria thrive in sunlit oceans. Here, we report an unprecedented finding in the widely used model diatom Phaeodactylum triconrnutum ( Pt ) of NCDs sustaining diatom cells in the absence of bioavailable nitrogen. We identified Pt NCDs using metagenomics sequencing and detected nitrogenase gene in silico and/or by PCR. We demonstrated nitrogen fixation in Pt NCDs and their close genetic affiliation with NCDs from the environment. We showed the wide occurrence of this type of symbiosis with the isolation of NCDs from other microalgae and their identification in the environment and in co-occurrence with photosynthetic microalgae. Overall, this study provides evidence for a previously overlooked symbiosis using a multidisciplinary model-based approach which will consequently help understand the different players driving global marine nitrogen fixation.
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Dates and versions

hal-03781940 , version 1 (16-11-2022)

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Udita Chandola, Camille Trottier, Marinna Gaudin, Erik Manirakiza, Samuel Menicot, et al.. Combined in vivo and in situ genome-resolved metagenomics reveals novel symbiotic nitrogen fixing interactions between non-cyanobacterial diazotrophs and microalgae. 2022. ⟨hal-03781940⟩
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