Combined proteomic and transcriptomic approaches reveal externalized keratin 8 as a potential therapeutic target involved in invasiveness of head and neck cancers - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Translational Oncology Year : 2021

Combined proteomic and transcriptomic approaches reveal externalized keratin 8 as a potential therapeutic target involved in invasiveness of head and neck cancers

Claudine Vermot-Desroches
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Keratin 8 (K8) expressed at the surface of cancer cells, referred as externalized K8 (eK8), has been observed in a variety of carcinoma cell lines. K8 has been previously reported to be expressed in poorly differentiated head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC); however, its role during the invasive phase of upper aerodigestive tract tumorigenesis is unknown. Cohorts of HNSCC tumors for protein and mRNA expression and panel of cell lines were used for investigation. K8 was found to be externalized in a majority of HNSCC cell lines. Among the two main K8 protein isoforms only the 54 kDa was found to be present at the plasma membrane of HNSCC cells. The plasminogen-induced invasion of HNSCC cells was inhibited by the anti-eK8 D-A10 antagonist monoclonal antibody. Overexpression of K8 mRNA and protein were both correlated with tumor aggressive features and poor outcome. The effect of eK8 neutralization on invasion, its presence exclusively in cancer cells and the association of K8 expression with aggressive features and poor clinical outcome in HNSCC unravel eK8 as key player in invasion and a promising therapeutic target in HNSCC.
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Dates and versions

hal-03776399 , version 1 (28-02-2024)

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Marie Alexandra Albaret, Arnaud Paré, Lucie Malet, Geneviève de Souza, Emilie Lavergne, et al.. Combined proteomic and transcriptomic approaches reveal externalized keratin 8 as a potential therapeutic target involved in invasiveness of head and neck cancers. Translational Oncology, 2021, 14 (1), pp.100878. ⟨10.1016/j.tranon.2020.100878⟩. ⟨hal-03776399⟩
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