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Journal Articles Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering Year : 2022

An online movement and tremor identification algorithm for evaluation during deep brain stimulation

Abstract

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is widely used to alleviate symptoms of movement disorders. During intraoperative stimulation the influence of active or passive movements on the neuronal activity is often evaluated but the evaluation remains mostly subjective. The objective of this paper is to investigate the potential of a previously developed Weighted-frequency Fourier Linear combiner and Kalman filter-based recursive algorithm to identify tremor phases and types. METHODS: Ten accelerometer recordings from eight patients were acquired during DBS from which 186 phases were manually annotated into: rest, postural and kinetic phase without tremor, and rest, postural and kinetic phase with tremor. The method first estimates the instantaneous tremor frequency and then decomposes the motion signal into voluntary and tremorous parts. The tremorous part is used to quantify tremor and the voluntary part to differentiate rest, postural and kinetic phases. RESULTS: Instantaneous tremor frequency and amplitude are successfully tracked online. The overall accuracy for tremorous phases only is 89.1% and 76.3% when also non-tremorous phases are considered. Two main misclassification cases are identified and further discussed. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate the potential of the developed algorithm as an online tremorous movement classifier. It would benefit from a more advanced tremor detector but nevertheless the obtained digital biomarkers offer an evidence-based analysis and could optimize the efficacy of DBS treatment.
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hal-03769428 , version 1 (05-09-2022)

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Frédéric Bourgeois, Nicola Pambakian, Jérôme Coste, Ijsbrand De Lange, Jean-Jacques Lemaire, et al.. An online movement and tremor identification algorithm for evaluation during deep brain stimulation. Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering, 2022, 8 (2), pp.105 - 108. ⟨10.1515/cdbme-2022-1028⟩. ⟨hal-03769428⟩
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