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Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2021

Activated Carbon Fiber Cloth/Biomimetic Apatite: A Dual Drug Delivery System


A biomaterial that is both bioactive and capable of controlled drug release is highly attractive for bone regeneration. In previous works, we demonstrated the possibility of combining activated carbon fiber cloth (ACC) and biomimetic apatite (such as calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite (CDA)) to develop an efficient material for bone regeneration. The aim to use the adsorption properties of an activated carbon/biomimetic apatite composite to synthetize a biomaterial to be used as a controlled drug release system after implantation. The adsorption and desorption of tetracycline and aspirin were first investigated in the ACC and CDA components and then on ACC/CDA composite. The results showed that drug adsorption and release are dependent on the adsorbent material and the drug polarity/hydrophilicity, leading to two distinct modes of drug adsorption and release. Consequently, a double adsorption approach was successfully performed, leading to a multifunctional and innovative ACC-aspirin/CDA-tetracycline implantable biomaterial. In a second step, in vitro tests emphasized a better affinity of the drug (tetracycline or aspirin)-loaded ACC/CDA materials towards human primary osteoblast viability and proliferation. Then, in vivo experiments on a large cortical bone defect in rats was carried out to test biocompatibility and bone regeneration ability. Data clearly highlighted a significant acceleration of bone reconstruction in the presence of the ACC/CDA patch. The ability of the aspirin-loaded ACC/CDA material to release the drug in situ for improving bone healing was also underlined, as a proof of concept. This work highlights the possibility of bone patches with controlled (multi)drug release features being used for bone tissue repair.
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hal-03753479 , version 1 (30-05-2023)



Florian Olivier, Sylvie Bonnamy, Nathalie Rochet, Christophe Drouet. Activated Carbon Fiber Cloth/Biomimetic Apatite: A Dual Drug Delivery System. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22 (22), pp.12247. ⟨10.3390/ijms222212247⟩. ⟨hal-03753479⟩
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