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Journal Articles Physical Review A Year : 2022

Scattering theory and equation of state of a spherical two-dimensional Bose gas

Abstract

We analyze the scattering problem of identical bosonic particles confined on a spherical surface. At low scattering energies and for a radius much larger than the healing length, we express the contact interaction strength in terms of the s-wave scattering length. Adopting this relation, we are then able to regularize the zero-point energy of the spherical Bose gas and to obtain its equation of state, which includes the corrections due to the finite radius of the sphere and coincides with the flat-case result in the infinite-radius limit. We also provide a microscopic derivation of the superfluid density of the system, reproducing a result postulated in a previous work. Our results are relevant for modeling the ongoing microgravity experiments with two-dimensional bubble-trapped Bose-Einstein condensates.

Dates and versions

hal-03738156 , version 1 (25-07-2022)

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A. Tononi. Scattering theory and equation of state of a spherical two-dimensional Bose gas. Physical Review A, 2022, 105 (2), pp.023324. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.105.023324⟩. ⟨hal-03738156⟩
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