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Journal Articles Soil Systems Year : 2022

A standardized morpho-functional classification of the planet's humipedons

1 TeSAF - Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry
2 MECADEV - Mécanismes Adaptatifs et Evolution
4 Department of Environmental Sciences [Wageningen]
5 BOKU - Universität für Bodenkultur Wien = University of Natural Resources and Life [Vienne, Autriche]
6 TUM - Technische Universität Munchen - Technical University Munich - Université Technique de Munich
7 MNHN - Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle
8 Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria
9 Agroécologie [Dijon]
10 LIST - Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology
11 ONF - Office national des forêts
12 UNITO - Università degli studi di Torino = University of Turin
13 UFRJ - Departamento de Geografia / UFRJ
14 UNINE - Université de Neuchâtel = University of Neuchatel
15 HAFL - Hochschule für Agrar-, Forst-, und Lebensmittelwissenschaften
16 The Historical-Environmental Heritage Association
17 Department of Forest Ecology and Soil, Federal Forest Research and Training Centre
18 UNIBAS - Università degli studi della Basilicata [Potenza]
19 ESE - Ecologie Systématique et Evolution
20 SU - Sorbonne Université
21 ECODIV - Etude et Compréhension de la biodiversité
22 INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement
23 UniCa - Università degli Studi di Cagliari = University of Cagliari
24 Direzione Generale Protezione Civile, Regione Autonoma della Sardegna
25 Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability [Parma]
26 INBO - Research Institute for Nature and Forest
27 FEM - Fondazione Edmund Mach - Edmund Mach Foundation [Italie]
28 Studio Associato Pianificazione Ambientale Naturalistica (PAN), Sede Operativa di Merano
29 Public Educational Institution, Istituto Comprensivo Pergine 1
30 Nicolaus Copernicus University [Toruń]
31 Sumy National Agrarian University
32 Faculty of Forest Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
33 IRSTEA - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture
34 Private Freelance iOS Developer
35 IFAB - Institut für Agrarökologie und Biodiversität
Bernard Jabiol
  • Function : Author
Giacomo Mei
Manuel Blouin
Noémie Pousse
Stéphane Bazot
Jean-Christophe Lata
Gaétan Zanella
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1146876
Thomas Bronner
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1146877
Ulfert Graefe
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1146878


It was time to take stock. We modified the humipedon classification key published in 2018 to make it easier and more practical. This morpho-functional taxonomy of the topsoil (humipedon) was only available in English; we also translated it into French and Italian. A standardized morpho-functional classification of humipedons (roughly the top 30–40 cm of soil: organic and organomineral surface horizons) would allow for a better understanding of the functioning of the soil ecosystem. This paper provides the founding principles of the classification of humipedon into humus systems and forms. With the recognition of a few diagnostic horizons, all humus systems can be determined. The humus forms that make up these humus systems are revealed by measuring the thicknesses of the diagnostic horizons. In the final part of the article, several figures represent the screenshots of a mobile phone or tablet application that allows for a fast recall of the diagnostic elements of the classification in the field. The article attempts to promote a standardized classification of humipedons for a global and shared management of soil at planet level.
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Dates and versions

hal-03714709 , version 1 (05-07-2022)
hal-03714709 , version 2 (11-07-2022)


Public Domain



Augusto Zanella, Jean-François J.-F. Ponge, Bernard Jabiol, Bas van Delft, Rein De Waal, et al.. A standardized morpho-functional classification of the planet's humipedons. Soil Systems, 2022, 6 (3), pp.59. ⟨10.3390/soilsystems6030059⟩. ⟨hal-03714709v2⟩
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