Vitamin A5/X controls stress-adaptation and prevents depressive-like behaviors in a mouse model of chronic stress - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Neurobiology of Stress Year : 2021

Vitamin A5/X controls stress-adaptation and prevents depressive-like behaviors in a mouse model of chronic stress

Abstract

9-cis-13,14-dihydroretinoic acid (9CDHRA), acts as an endogenous ligand of the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), and is an active form of a suggested new vitamin, vitamin A5/X. Nutritional-relevance of this pathway as well as its detailed role in vertebrate physiology, remain largely unknown. Since recent GWAS data and experimental studies associated RXR-mediated signaling with depression, we explored here the relevance of RXR and vitamin A5/X-mediated signaling in the control of stress adaptation and depressive-like behaviors in mice. We found that compromised availability of 9CDHRA in Rbp1-/- mice was associated with increased despair in the forced swim and anhedonia in the sucrose preference test. 9CDHRA similarly to synthetic RXR agonist, BMS649, normalized despair behaviors in Rbp1-/- but not Rxrgamma-/- mice, supporting involvement of RXR signaling in anti-despair activity of these ligands. Importantly, similarly to BMS649, the 9CDHRA and its nutritional-precursor, 9-cis-13,14-dihydroretinol (vitamin A5/X alcohol), prevented development of depressive-like behaviors in mice exposed to chronic social defeat stress, revealing the beneficial role of RXRs and its endogenous ligand in stress adaptation process. These data point to the need for relevant nutritional, biochemical and pharmacological studies of this signaling pathway in human, both in physiological conditions and in pathologies of stress-related disorders.
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Dates and versions

hal-03708082 , version 1 (18-04-2023)

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Agnieszka Krzyzosiak, Anna Podlesny, Belén Vaz, Rosana Alvarez, Ralph Rühl, et al.. Vitamin A5/X controls stress-adaptation and prevents depressive-like behaviors in a mouse model of chronic stress. Neurobiology of Stress, 2021, 15, ⟨10.1016/j.ynstr.2021.100375⟩. ⟨hal-03708082⟩
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