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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2022

The Broad Host Range Plant Pathogen Dickeya dianthicola Shows a High Genetic Diversity

Abstract

The wide host range phytopathogen D. dianthicola, first described in ornamentals in the 1950s, rapidly became a threat for potato production in Europe and, more recently, worldwide. Previous genomic analyses, mainly of strains isolated from potato, revealed little sequence diversity. To further analyse D. dianthicola genomic diversity, we used a larger genome panel of 41 isolates encompassing more strains isolated from potato over a wide time scale and more strains isolated from other hosts. The phylogenetic and pan-genomic trees revealed a large cluster of highly related genomes but also the divergence of two more distant strains, IPO 256 and 67.19, isolated from potato and impatiens, respectively, and the clustering of the three strains isolated from Kalanchoe with one more distinct potato strain. An SNP-based minimal spanning tree highlighted both diverse clusters of (nearly) clonal strains and several strains scattered in the MST, irrespective of country or date of isolation, that differ by several thousand SNPs. This study reveals a higher diversity in D. dianthicola than previously described. It indicates the clonal spread of this pathogen over long distances, as suspected from worldwide seed trading, and possible multiple introductions of D. dianthicola from alternative sources of contaminations.
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hal-03700789 , version 1 (21-06-2022)

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Jacques Pédron, Jan van der Wolf, Perrine Portier, Emma Caullireau, Frédérique van Gijsegem. The Broad Host Range Plant Pathogen Dickeya dianthicola Shows a High Genetic Diversity. Microorganisms, 2022, 10 (5), pp.1024. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms10051024⟩. ⟨hal-03700789⟩
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