Combined model-based and deep learning-based automated 3D zonal segmentation of the prostate on T2-weighted MR images: clinical evaluation - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Radiology Year : 2022

Combined model-based and deep learning-based automated 3D zonal segmentation of the prostate on T2-weighted MR images: clinical evaluation

Mark Rabotnikov
  • Function : Author
Alain Ruffion
Marc Colombel
Sébastien Crouzet
Juergen Weese
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  • PersonId : 947907

Abstract

Objective To train and to test for prostate zonal segmentation an existing algorithm already trained for whole-gland segmentation. Methods The algorithm, combining model-based and deep learning–based approaches, was trained for zonal segmentation using the NCI-ISBI-2013 dataset and 70 T2-weighted datasets acquired at an academic centre. Test datasets were randomly selected among examinations performed at this centre on one of two scanners (General Electric, 1.5 T; Philips, 3 T) not used for training. Automated segmentations were corrected by two independent radiologists. When segmentation was initiated outside the prostate, images were cropped and segmentation repeated. Factors influencing the algorithm’s mean Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and its precision were assessed using beta regression. Results Eighty-two test datasets were selected; one was excluded. In 13/81 datasets, segmentation started outside the prostate, but zonal segmentation was possible after image cropping. Depending on the radiologist chosen as reference, algorithm’s median DSCs were 96.4/97.4%, 91.8/93.0% and 79.9/89.6% for whole-gland, central gland and anterior fibromuscular stroma (AFMS) segmentations, respectively. DSCs comparing radiologists’ delineations were 95.8%, 93.6% and 81.7%, respectively. For all segmentation tasks, the scanner used for imaging significantly influenced the mean DSC and its precision, and the mean DSC was significantly lower in cases with initial segmentation outside the prostate. For central gland segmentation, the mean DSC was also significantly lower in larger prostates. The radiologist chosen as reference had no significant impact, except for AFMS segmentation. Conclusions The algorithm performance fell within the range of inter-reader variability but remained significantly impacted by the scanner used for imaging.
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Dates and versions

hal-03699339 , version 1 (20-06-2022)

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Olivier Rouvière, Paul Cezar Moldovan, Anna Vlachomitrou, Sylvain Gouttard, Benjamin Riche, et al.. Combined model-based and deep learning-based automated 3D zonal segmentation of the prostate on T2-weighted MR images: clinical evaluation. European Radiology, 2022, 32 (5), pp.3248-3259. ⟨10.1007/s00330-021-08408-5⟩. ⟨hal-03699339⟩
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