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Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2015

Structural insights into the translational infidelity mechanism

Abstract

The decoding of mRNA on the ribosome is the least accurate process during genetic information transfer. Here we propose a unified decoding mechanism based on 11 high-resolution X-ray structures of the 70S ribosome that explains the occurrence of missense errors during translation. We determined ribosome structures in rare states where incorrect tRNAs were incorporated into the peptidyl-tRNA-binding site. These structures show that in the codon-anticodon duplex, a G·U mismatch adopts the Watson-Crick geometry, indicating a shift in the tautomeric equilibrium or ionization of the nucleobase. Additional structures with mismatches in the 70S decoding centre show that the binding of any tRNA induces identical rearrangements in the centre, which favours either isosteric or close to the Watson-Crick geometry codon-anticodon pairs. Overall, the results suggest that a mismatch escapes discrimination by preserving the shape of a Watson-Crick pair and indicate that geometric selection via tautomerism or ionization dominates the translational infidelity mechanism.

Dates and versions

hal-03661150 , version 1 (06-05-2022)

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Alexey Rozov, Natalia Demeshkina, Eric Westhof, Marat Yusupov, Gulnara Yusupova. Structural insights into the translational infidelity mechanism. Nature Communications, 2015, 6 (1), pp.7251. ⟨10.1038/ncomms8251⟩. ⟨hal-03661150⟩
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