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Journal Articles BMC Biology Year : 2021

The transposable element-rich genome of the cereal pest Sitophilus oryzae

Stefano Colella
Toni Gabaldón
Alexandra Gerber
  • Function : Author
Robert Hubley
  • Function : Author
Marina Marcet-Houben
  • Function : Author
Andrés Moya
  • Function : Author
Ana Tereza Ribeiro de Vasconcelos
Jeb Rosen
Arian Smit
  • Function : Author
Jessica Storer
  • Function : Author
Amparo Latorre
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Background: The rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae is one of the most important agricultural pests, causing extensivedamage to cereal in fields and to stored grains. S. oryzae has an intracellular symbiotic relationship (endosymbiosis)with the Gram-negative bacterium Sodalis pierantonius and is a valuable model to decipher host-symbiontmolecular interactions. Results: We sequenced the Sitophilus oryzae genome using a combination of short and long reads to produce thebest assembly for a Curculionidae species to date. We show that S. oryzae has undergone successive bursts oftransposable element (TE) amplification, representing 72% of the genome. In addition, we show that many TEfamilies are transcriptionally active, and changes in their expression are associated with insect endosymbiotic state.S. oryzae has undergone a high gene expansion rate, when compared to other beetles. Reconstruction of hostsymbiontmetabolic networks revealed that, despite its recent association with cereal weevils (30 kyear), S.pierantonius relies on the host for several amino acids and nucleotides to survive and to produce vitamins andessential amino acids required for insect development and cuticle biosynthesis. Conclusions: Here we present the genome of an agricultural pest beetle, which may act as a foundation for pest control. In addition, S. oryzae may be a useful model for endosymbiosis, and studying TE evolution and regulation, along with the impact of TEs on eukaryotic genomes.
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hal-03627264 , version 1 (22-02-2023)

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Nicolas Parisot, Carlos Vargas-Chávez, Clément Goubert, Patrice Baa-Puyoulet, Séverine Balmand, et al.. The transposable element-rich genome of the cereal pest Sitophilus oryzae. BMC Biology, 2021, 19 (1), pp.241. ⟨10.1186/s12915-021-01158-2⟩. ⟨hal-03627264⟩
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