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Journal Articles Sensors Year : 2022

Sensitivity-Bandwidth Optimization of PMUT with Acoustical Matching Using Finite Element Method

Abstract

A new model in finite element method to study round-trip performance of piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducers (pMUTs) is established. Most studies on the performance of pMUT are based only on the transmission sensibility, but the reception capacity is as much important as the transmission one, and is quite different from this latter. In this work, the round-trip sensitivity of pMUT is defined as the product of the frequency response of transmitted far field pressure to source voltage excitation and that of reception output to return wave pressure. Based on this sensitivity characteristic, firstly, a multi-parameter optimization for a cavity pMUT is performed using the sensitivity-bandwidth product parameter SBW as criterion. The radii of the electrode and the piezoelectric layer, the thicknesses of the piezoelectric layer and the vibration diaphragm are adjusted to maximize the performance. Secondly, an acoustic matching method is proposed and applied to pMUTs for the first time. As a result, the round-trip sensitivity can be evaluated and the pulse-echo response of wide-band excitation can be simulated, giving the most quantitative and intuitive feedback for pMUT design. The optimization enhances the sensitivity-bandwidth product by 52% when the top electrode and piezoelectric layer are both etched to 75% radius of the cavity beneath; the introduction of an acoustic matching layer shows significant bandwidth expansion in both the transmitting and receiving process.
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hal-03626108 , version 1 (19-05-2022)

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Le-Ming He, Wei-Jiang Xu, Yan Wang, Jia Zhou, Jun-Yan Ren. Sensitivity-Bandwidth Optimization of PMUT with Acoustical Matching Using Finite Element Method. Sensors, 2022, 22 (6), pp.2307. ⟨10.3390/s22062307⟩. ⟨hal-03626108⟩
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