Volatile organic compound fluxes over a winter wheat field by PTR-Qi-TOF-MS and eddy covariance - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Year : 2022

Volatile organic compound fluxes over a winter wheat field by PTR-Qi-TOF-MS and eddy covariance

Abstract

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) contribute to air pollution through the formation of secondary aerosols and ozone and extend the lifetime of methane in the atmosphere. Tropospheric VOCs originate to 90 % from biogenic sources on a global scale, mainly from forests. Crops are also a potentially large yet poorly characterized source of VOCs (30 % of the VOC emissions in Europe, mostly oxygenated). In this study, we investigated VOC fluxes over a winter wheat field by eddy covariance using a PTR-Qi-TOF-MS with high sensitivity and mass resolution. The study took place near Paris over a 5-week period and included flowering, crop maturity and senescence. We found a total of 123 VOCs with fluxes 3 times above the detection limit. Methanol was the most emitted compound with an average flux of 63 µg m −2 h −1 , representing about 52 % of summed VOC emissions on a molar basis (36 % on a mass basis). We also identified ethanol, acetone, acetaldehyde and dimethyl sulfide among the six most emitted compounds. The third most emitted VOC corresponded to the ion m/z 93.033. It was tentatively identified as furan (C 6 H 4 O), a compound not previously reported to be strongly emitted by crops. The average summed VOC emissions were about 173 ± 6 µg m 2 h −1 , while the average VOC depositions were about 109 ± 2 µg m −2 h −1 and hence 63 % of the VOC emissions on a mass basis. The net ecosystem flux of VOCs was an emission of 64 ± 6 µg m −2 h −1 (0.5 ± 0.05 nmol m −2 s −1). The most deposited VOCs were identified as hydroxyacetone, acetic acid and fragments of oxidized VOCs. Overall, our results reveal that wheat fields represent a non-negligible source and sink of VOCs to be considered in regional VOC budgets and underline the usefulness and limitations of eddy covariance measurements with a PTR-Qi-TOF-MS.
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hal-03607351 , version 1 (13-03-2022)

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Benjamin Loubet, Pauline Buysse, Lais Gonzaga-Gomez, Florence Lafouge, Raluca Ciuraru, et al.. Volatile organic compound fluxes over a winter wheat field by PTR-Qi-TOF-MS and eddy covariance. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2022, 22 (4), pp.2817 - 2842. ⟨10.5194/acp-22-2817-2022⟩. ⟨hal-03607351⟩
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