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Journal Articles Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics Year : 2022

Negative differential resistance in photoassisted field emission from Si nanowires

Abstract

Field emission (FE) from semiconducting nanowires (NWs) is studied for expanding electron gun performances and functionality in terms of stability, brightness, and pulsed emission. Here, we report on a pronounced and robust double negative differential resistance (NDR) in the FE IV characteristics measured during photoassisted field emission experiments on highly crystalline p-type silicon NWs. The main feature is a double NDR in the current saturation regime, which can be modulated by both temperature and light intensity. These results contrast with previous FE studies in which only a barely noticeable single NDR was reported. Several mechanisms for the physical explanation of the NDR are currently under consideration: photogenerated carrier instabilities in the depletion region, which give rise to a pulsed space-charge current in the nanowire or tunneling through a double quantum well formed by confinement at the NW apex. Because NDRs are signatures of pulsed currents, these results suggest new functionalities for which pulsed electron sources can potentially be achieved at high repetition rates.
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Dates and versions

hal-03599229 , version 1 (17-11-2022)

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M. Choueib, A. Derouet, P. Vincent, A. Ayari, S. Perisanu, et al.. Negative differential resistance in photoassisted field emission from Si nanowires. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics, 2022, 40 (2), pp.022802. ⟨10.1116/6.0001650⟩. ⟨hal-03599229⟩
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