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Journal Articles Environmental Chemistry Letters Year : 2006

DNA adducts in fish following an oil spill exposure


On 12 December 1999, one third of the load of the Erika tanker, amounting to about 10,000 t crude oil flowed into sea waters close to the French Atlantic Coast. This oil contained polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) that are known to be genotoxic. Genotoxic effects induce DNA adducts formation, which can thus be used as pollution biomarkers. Here, we assessed the genotoxic impact of the “Erika” oil spill by DNA adducts detection in the liver of immature fishes (Solea solea) from four locations of the French Brittany coasts. Two months after the spill, a high amount of DNA adducts was found in samples from all locations, amounting to 92–290 DNA adduct per 109 nucleotides. Then total DNA adduct levels decreased to reach about 50 adducts per 109 nucleotides nine months after the spill. In vitro experiments using human cell cultures and fish liver microsomes evidence the genotoxicity of the Erika fuel. They also prove the formation of reactive species able to create DNA adducts. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo DNA adducts fingerprints are similar, thus confirming that DNA adducts are a result of the oil spill.
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hal-03598054 , version 1 (04-03-2022)



Agnès Amat-Bronnert, Thierry Burgeot, Marcel Castegnaro, Annie Pfohl-Leszkowicz. DNA adducts in fish following an oil spill exposure. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 2006, 4 (2), pp.93-99. ⟨10.1007/s10311-006-0040-7⟩. ⟨hal-03598054⟩
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