Populations of the Parasitic Plant Phelipanche ramosa Influence Their Seed Microbiota - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2020

Populations of the Parasitic Plant Phelipanche ramosa Influence Their Seed Microbiota

Abstract

Seeds of the parasitic weedPhelipanche ramosaare well adapted to their hosts because they germinate and form haustorial structures to connect to roots in response to diverse host-derived molecular signals.P. ramosapresents different genetic groups that are preferentially adapted to certain hosts. Since there are indications that microbes play a role in the interaction especially in the early stages of the interaction, we studied the microbial diversity harbored by the parasitic seeds with respect to their host and genetic group. Twenty-six seed lots from seven cropping plots of three different hosts-oilseed rape, tobacco, and hemp-in the west of France were characterized for their bacterial and fungal communities using 16S rRNA gene and ITS (Internal transcribed spacer) sequences, respectively. First seeds were characterized genetically using twenty microsatellite markers and phenotyped for their sensibility to various germination stimulants including strigolactones and isothiocyanates. This led to the distinction of threeP. ramosagroups that corresponded to their host of origin. The observed seed diversity was correlated to the host specialization and germination stimulant sensitivity withinP. ramosaspecies. Microbial communities were both clustered by host and plot of origin. The seed core microbiota was composed of seventeen species that were also retrieved from soil and was in lower abundances for bacteria and similar abundances for fungi compared to seeds. The host-related core microbiota of parasitic seeds was limited and presumably well adapted to the interaction with its hosts. Two microbial candidates ofSphingobacteriumspecies andLeptosphaeria maculanswere especially identified in seeds from oilseed rape plots, suggesting their involvement in host recognition and specialization as well as seed fitness forP. ramosaby improving the production of isothiocyanates from glucosinolates in the rhizosphere of oilseed rape.
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hal-03597881 , version 1 (28-10-2022)

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Sarah Huet, Jean-Bernard Pouvreau, Erwan Delage, Sabine Delgrange, Coralie Marais, et al.. Populations of the Parasitic Plant Phelipanche ramosa Influence Their Seed Microbiota. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2020, 11, pp.article 1075. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2020.01075⟩. ⟨hal-03597881⟩
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