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Other Publications Year : 2022

Tunisia in 2022: Reforming the Institutions amidst Turmoil


Tunisia entered political and institutional uncharted territories on July 25, 2021, when President Kais Saied proclaimed a state of emergency and suspended the parliament. Since then, the political scene has been divided into four groups that barely communicate with each other: the Islamist Ennahda, the Free Destourian Party, the "centrist" parties, and the supporters of Saied. Kais Saied's project to reform institutions has been met with scepticism from a large part of the political players. The official roadmap envisions a referendum on this question that is to be held by July before the election of a legislative assembly in December. The continued degradation of the economy and the deepening of social tensions could derail the whole process. In addition, the conflation of executive and legislative powers, and the arrests of several of Saied's opponents worry large segments of both the political class and the civil society. The army and the international community are broadly perceived as the only players potentially able to push forward a national dialogue. In this context, the EU may help to build a new consensus in Tunisia. While supporting the efforts to solve the structural imbalances which feed the crisis, the EU needs to open channels of communication between the different political players and support the initiatives aiming at a more inclusive transition process. Lastly, the EU's priority should be to insist on the preservation of human rights and freedoms by the authorities.
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hal-03562562 , version 1 (09-02-2022)


  • HAL Id : hal-03562562 , version 1


Clément Steuer. Tunisia in 2022: Reforming the Institutions amidst Turmoil. 2022, https://www.iir.cz/tunisia-in-2022-reforming-the-institutions-amidst-turmoil. ⟨hal-03562562⟩
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