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Journal Articles Journal of Fluid Mechanics Year : 2022

Linear instabilities of pulsatile plane channel flow between compliant walls

Abstract

The linear dynamics of perturbations developing in an infinite channel with compliant walls is investigated for pulsatile flow conditions. Two-dimensional modal perturbations are considered for Womersley-type pulsating base flos and the wall motion is only allowed in the normal direction. It is found that the flow dynamics is mainly governed by four control parameters: the Reynolds number Re, the reduced velocity , the Womersley number Wo and the amplitude of the base flow modulation. Linear stability analyses are carried out within the framework of Floquet theory, implementing an efficient approach for removing spurious eigenmodes. The characteristics of flow-based (Tollmien-Schlichting) and wall-based (both travelling-wave flutter and divergence) modes are investigated over a large control-parameter space. It is shown that travelling-wave flutter (TWF) modes are predominantly influenced by the reduced velocity and that the Reynolds number has only a marginal effect. The critical reduced velocity (corresponding to onset of linear instability) is demonstrated to depend both on the Womersley number and modulation amplitude for a given set of wall parameters. Similarly to the steady flow case, the Tollmien-Schlichting (TS) mode is also found to be only weakly affected by the flexibility of the wall in pulsatile flow conditions. Finally, the classification given by Benjamin (J. Fluid Mech. 16 436-450, 1963) is found to be too restrictive in the case of pulsatile base flows. In particular, a new type of mode is identified that shares characteristics of two distinct Floquet eigenmodes: TS and TWF modes. Due to coupling of the different Floquet harmonics, a phenomenon specific to time-periodic base flows, this two-waves mode exhibits a beating over the intracyclic dynamics.
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Dates and versions

hal-03559481 , version 1 (06-02-2022)
hal-03559481 , version 2 (28-07-2022)
hal-03559481 , version 3 (25-09-2022)

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Smail Lebbal, Frédéric Alizard, Benoît Pier. Linear instabilities of pulsatile plane channel flow between compliant walls. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2022, 948 (A15), pp.32. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2022.658⟩. ⟨hal-03559481v3⟩
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