Pain knowledge and fear-avoidance beliefs of French osteopathy students and educators towards chronic low back pain: An osteopathic educational institution-based cross-sectional survey - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine Year : 2021

Pain knowledge and fear-avoidance beliefs of French osteopathy students and educators towards chronic low back pain: An osteopathic educational institution-based cross-sectional survey

Abstract

Background: Practitioners’ fear-avoidance beliefs can influence positively or negatively therapeutic outcomes in their patients. This study reports pain knowledge and fear-avoidance beliefs of French osteopathy students and educators towards the management of chronic low back pain (cLBP). Methods: An online cross-sectional survey was proposed to educators and students. It included sociodemographic characteristics and two questionnaires: the FABQ-HC to assess beliefs on the effects of physical and work activities for people with cLBP, and the NPQ to assess participants' knowledge of pain. Results: Participants (N = 172) had mean FABQ-HC subscale scores of 11.02 ± 4.44 (Physical activity) and 24.37 ± 11.78 (Work). The mean NPQ total score was 11.90 ± 2.05. There were no significant score differences between students and educators (p > 0.05). Results showed that Year 4 students (N = 65) had a significantly better score (p < 0.05) at the FABQ-HC Physical Activity than Year 5 students (N = 71). Educators (N = 36) having less than 10 years of practice in osteopathy had better scores than other educators (p < 0.01) at the FABQ-HC Work. Educators and students in the study show similar scores to other French HCPs and international osteopaths on the FABQ-HC Physical activity. In contrast, they scored lower on the FABQ-HC Work. Conclusions: The main finding was that educators and students belonging to the same OEI have no significantly different beliefs about cLBP and no significantly differing knowledge of pain. There is potential to improve pain education especially concerning the beliefs around cLBP concerning work activity. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
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hal-03557557 , version 1 (22-02-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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H. Mhadhbi, B. Thierry-Hildenbrand, J. Draper-Rodi, J.E. Esteves, Mathieu Ménard. Pain knowledge and fear-avoidance beliefs of French osteopathy students and educators towards chronic low back pain: An osteopathic educational institution-based cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 2021, 42, pp.61-68. ⟨10.1016/j.ijosm.2021.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-03557557⟩
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