Conditional expression of Ki-RasG12V in the mammary epithelium of transgenic mice induces estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-positive adenocarcinoma - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Oncogene Year : 2017

Conditional expression of Ki-RasG12V in the mammary epithelium of transgenic mice induces estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-positive adenocarcinoma

Abstract

Appropriate 'in vivo' models are crucial for studying breast cancer biology and evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic agents. Thus, we engineered a novel transgenic mouse line expressing the human Ki-Ras bearing an activating mutation (Ki-Ras (G12V)) selectively in the mammary epithelium after lactation. These mice develop invasive ductal adenocarcinomas with 100% incidence within 3 to 9 months after Ki-Ras (G12V) induction. Immunophenotyping revealed that the mammary tumors express luminal markers, are positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors, negative for HER2, and have a low proliferation index. Moreover, cell lines derived from such tumors are estrogenresponsive, and when transplanted into nude mice, form tumors that respond to the antiestrogen ICI 182780. In conclusion, the mammary tumors of these transgenic mice and the derived cell lines exhibit key features of the major form of human breast cancer, i.e. luminal A subtype, and thus have a high potential for breast cancer research and treatment.
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hal-03551145 , version 1 (01-02-2022)

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Sebastiano Andò, Rocco Malivindi, Stefania Catalano, Pietro Rizza, Ines Barone, et al.. Conditional expression of Ki-RasG12V in the mammary epithelium of transgenic mice induces estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-positive adenocarcinoma. Oncogene, 2017, 36 (46), pp.6420-6431. ⟨10.1038/onc.2017.252⟩. ⟨hal-03551145⟩
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