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Journal Articles Chemosphere Year : 2020

The effects of hypoxia on aerobic metabolism in oil-contaminated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

Abstract

Hypoxia and petrogenic hydrocarbon contamination are two anthropogenic stressors that coexist in coastal environments. Although studies have estimated the impact of each stressor separately, few investigations have assessed the effects of these stressors in interaction. We therefore investigated the impact of these combined stressors on sea bass, (Dicentrarchus labrax) physiology. After experimental contamination with physically dispersed oil, fish were exposed to hypoxia or normoxia, and active/standard metabolic rates (AMR and SMR, respectively), and metabolic scope (MS) were estimated. At the protocol's end, the uptake of 2 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was estimated by evaluating relative concentrations of bile metabolites. In terms of bile metabolites, our results validated the uptake of PAHs by contaminated fish in our experimental settings, and further suggest that the hypoxic period after contamination does not reduce or increase compound metabolization processes. Our data showed significant effects of hypoxia on all metabolic rates: a significant drastic AMR reduction and significant SMR diminution led to decreased MS. We also found that oil contamination significantly impacted AMR and MS, but not SMR. These results suggested that when evaluated separately, hypoxia or oil affect the metabolic rate of sea bass. On the other hand, when evaluated in combination, no cumulative effects were observed, since fish exposed to both stressors did not show a stronger impact on metabolism than fish exposed to hypoxia alone. This suggests that oil impacts fish metabolism when fish occupy normoxic waters, and that oil does not magnify hypoxia-induced effects on fish metabolism.
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Dates and versions

hal-03544287 , version 1 (26-01-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Thomas Milinkovitch, Stefano Marras, Fabio Antognarelli, Christel Lefrançois, Stéphane Le Floch, et al.. The effects of hypoxia on aerobic metabolism in oil-contaminated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Chemosphere, 2020, 253, pp.126678. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126678⟩. ⟨hal-03544287⟩

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