The French Covid-19 vaccination policy did not solve vaccination inequities: a nationwide study on 64.5 million people - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Public Health Year : 2022

The French Covid-19 vaccination policy did not solve vaccination inequities: a nationwide study on 64.5 million people

Abstract

Background To encourage Covid-19 vaccination, France introduced during the Summer 2021 a ‘Sanitary Pass’, which morphed into a ‘Vaccine Pass’ in early 2022. While the sanitary pass led to an increase in Covid-19 vaccination rates, spatial heterogeneities in vaccination rates remained. To identify potential determinants of these heterogeneities and evaluate the French sanitary and vaccine passes’ efficacies in reducing them, we used a data-driven approach on exhaustive nationwide data, gathering 141 socio-economic, political and geographic indicators. Methods We considered the association between vaccination rates and each indicator at different time points: before the sanitary pass announcement (week 2021-W27), before the sanitary pass came into force (week 2021-W31) and 1 month after (week 2021-W35) and the equivalent dates for the vaccine pass (weeks 2021-W49, 2022-W03 and 2022-W07). Results The indicators most associated with vaccination rates were the share of local income coming from unemployment benefits, overcrowded households rate, immigrants rate and vote for an ‘anti-establishment’ candidate at the 2017 Presidential election. These associations increase over time. Consequently, living in a district below the median of such indicator decreases the probability to be vaccinated by about 30% at the end of the studied period, and this probability gradually decreases by deciles of these indicators. Conclusions Our analysis reveals that factors related to poverty, immigration and trust in the government are strong determinants of vaccination rate, and that vaccination inequities tended to increase after the introduction of the French sanitary and vaccination passes.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03508547 , version 1 (03-01-2022)
hal-03508547 , version 2 (28-11-2022)

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Florence Débarre, Emmanuel Lecoeur, Lucie Guimier, Marie Jauffret-Roustide, Anne-Sophie Jannot. The French Covid-19 vaccination policy did not solve vaccination inequities: a nationwide study on 64.5 million people. European Journal of Public Health, 2022, 32 (5), pp.825-830. ⟨10.1093/eurpub/ckac125⟩. ⟨hal-03508547v2⟩
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