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Journal Articles Buildings Year : 2021

Active Thermal Method Applied to the In Situ Characterization of Insulating Materials in a Wall

Abstract

An in situ estimation of the thermal properties of bio-sourced building wall insulation components is of critical importance in improving both the energy efficiency of buildings and the development of construction materials with a smaller environmental footprint. Depending on weather conditions, passive methods are not always feasible; they require time to conduct lengthy testing and may lead to significant uncertainties. This article presents an active method based on power dissipation via flat electrical resistance. The method can be implemented regardless of outdoor weather conditions and is suitable for walls with high overall thermal resistance for which the small average component of the through flow is difficult to estimate. Measurements are conducted of both wall input flows and temperatures. An inverse method, derived from a finite difference model of 1D transfers along with a multi-objective approach, enables the characteristics of a two-material assembly to be identified. A multi-objective method was chosen to solve the problems of high correlation between the thermal parameters of the model. However, the method requires the use of two temperature sensors integrated inside the wall. Following a laboratory validation phase on a PVC/plasterboard assembly, the method is implemented on an actual wall. A coating/hemp concrete assembly is also characterized as part of this work program. The thermal conductivity of the hemp concrete block was estimated at 0.12 W m−1 K−1 and is consistent with values found in the literature.
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Dates and versions

hal-03505527 , version 1 (16-06-2022)

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Elorn Biteau, Didier Defer, Franck Brachelet, Laurent Zalewski. Active Thermal Method Applied to the In Situ Characterization of Insulating Materials in a Wall. Buildings, 2021, 11 (12), pp.578. ⟨10.3390/buildings11120578⟩. ⟨hal-03505527⟩
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