Cleaner degreasing of sheepskins by the Yarrowia lipolytica LIP2 lipase as a chemical-free alternative in leather industry - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces Year : 2022

Cleaner degreasing of sheepskins by the Yarrowia lipolytica LIP2 lipase as a chemical-free alternative in leather industry

Abstract

Conventional degreasing of skins and hides in the leather industry requires high amounts of organic solvents and detergents that cause environmental issues. In this study, the LIP2 lipase from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica (YLLIP2) was shown to be effective in degreasing sheepskins, thus reducing the amount of harmful chemicals. Using 10 mg of lipase/kg of raw skin, successful degreasing was achieved in only 15 min at pH 7. ToF-SIMS mass spectra of sheepskins were compared before and after degreasing (chemically and enzymatically). Results are consistent with a specific selective elimination process for the enzymatic treatment. Comparative SEM microscopy, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and physicochemical analyses showed better properties of the enzymatically treated leather than those of the chemically treated leather. Effluent physicochemical parameters showed that the enzymatic treatment is a cleaner degreasing alternative.
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Dates and versions

hal-03494701 , version 1 (20-12-2021)

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Emna Moujehed, Zied Zarai, Haifa Khemir, Neila Miled, Mohamed Salah Bchir, et al.. Cleaner degreasing of sheepskins by the Yarrowia lipolytica LIP2 lipase as a chemical-free alternative in leather industry. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2022, 211, pp.112292. ⟨10.1016/j.colsurfb.2021.112292⟩. ⟨hal-03494701⟩
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