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Conference Papers Year : 2022

CT-ICP: Real-time Elastic LiDAR Odometry with Loop Closure

Jean-Emmanuel Deschaud
Bastien Jacquet
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Abstract

Multi-beam LiDAR sensors are increasingly used in robotics, particularly with autonomous cars for localization and perception tasks, both relying on the ability to build a precise map of the environment. For this, we propose a new real-time LiDAR-only odometry method called CT-ICP (for Continuous-Time ICP), completed into a full SLAM with a novel loop detection procedure. The core of this method, is the introduction of the combined continuity in the scan matching, and discontinuity between scans. It allows both the elastic distortion of the scan during the registration for increased precision, and the increased robustness to high frequency motions from the discontinuity. We build a complete SLAM on top of this odometry, using a fast pure LiDAR loop detection based on elevation image 2D matching, providing a pose graph with loop constraints. To show the robustness of the method, we tested it on seven datasets: KITTI, KITTI-raw, KITTI-360, KITTI-CARLA, ParisLuco, Newer College, and NCLT in driving and high-frequency motion scenarios. Both the CT-ICP odometry and the loop detection are made available online. CT-ICP is currently first, among those giving access to a public code, on the KITTI odometry leaderboard, with an average Relative Translation Error (RTE) of 0.59% and an average time per scan of 60ms on a CPU with a single thread.
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Dates and versions

hal-03445114 , version 1 (23-11-2021)
hal-03445114 , version 2 (28-12-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Pierre Dellenbach, Jean-Emmanuel Deschaud, Bastien Jacquet, François Goulette. CT-ICP: Real-time Elastic LiDAR Odometry with Loop Closure. 2022 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), May 2022, Philadelphie, United States. pp.5580-5586, ⟨10.1109/ICRA46639.2022.9811849⟩. ⟨hal-03445114v2⟩
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