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Conference Papers Year : 2021

Interest of the minimum edit distance to detect behaviour change of the elderly person

Abstract

In this article, a solution to detect the change of behaviour of the elderly person based on the person's activities of daily living is proposed. This work is based on the hypothesis that the person attaches importance to a rhythmic sequence of days and activities per day. The day of the elderly person is described by a succession of activities, and each activity is associated to a posture (lying down, sitting, standing, absent). Postures are estimated from image analysis measured by thermal or depth cameras in order to preserve the anonymity of the person. The change in posture succession is calculated using the minimum edit distance with respect to the routine day. The number of permutations/inversions reflects the change in the person's behaviour. The method was tested on two elderly persons recorded by thermal and depth cameras during 85 days in a retirement home. It is shown that for a person with a life change behaviour, the average number of permutations and interquartile range, before and after changes, are 41 [28, 48] and 57 [55-62] respectively compared to the learned routine day. The Wilcoxon test confirmed the significant difference between these two periods. Clinical Relevance-Monitoring the daily routine provides indicators for detecting changes in the behaviour of an elderly person.
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Dates and versions

hal-03425499 , version 1 (10-11-2021)

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Soumaya Msaad, Jean-Louis Dillenseger, Guy Carrault. Interest of the minimum edit distance to detect behaviour change of the elderly person. 43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC 2021), Oct 2021, Guadalajara, Mexico. ⟨10.1109/EMBC46164.2021.9629665⟩. ⟨hal-03425499⟩
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