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Journal Articles Genome Biology and Evolution Year : 2021

The Transposable Element Environment of Human Genes Differs According to Their Duplication Status and Essentiality

Abstract

Transposable elements (TEs) are major components of eukaryotic genomes and represent approximately 45% of the human genome. TEs can be important sources of novelty in genomes and there is increasing evidence that TEs contribute to the evolution of gene regulation in mammals. Gene duplication is an evolutionary mechanism that also provides new genetic material and opportunities to acquire new functions. To investigate how duplicated genes are maintained in genomes, here, we explored the TE environment of duplicated and singleton genes. We found that singleton genes have more short-interspersed nuclear elements and DNA transposons in their vicinity than duplicated genes, whereas long-interspersed nuclear elements and long-terminal repeat retrotransposons have accumulated more near duplicated genes. We also discovered that this result is highly associated with the degree of essentiality of the genes with an unexpected accumulation of short-interspersed nuclear elements and DNA transposons around the more-essential genes. Our results underline the importance of taking into account the TE environment of genes to better understand how duplicated genes are maintained in genomes.
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Dates and versions

hal-03367114 , version 1 (07-10-2021)

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Margot Correa, Emmanuelle Lerat, Etienne E. Birmelé, Franck Samson, Bérengère Bouillon, et al.. The Transposable Element Environment of Human Genes Differs According to Their Duplication Status and Essentiality. Genome Biology and Evolution, 2021, 13 (5), ⟨10.1093/gbe/evab062⟩. ⟨hal-03367114⟩
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