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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2020

The molecular mass function of the local Universe

P. Andreani
Y. Miyamoto
H. Kaneko
  • Function : Author
A. Boselli
K. Tatematsu
  • Function : Author
K. Sorai
  • Function : Author
R. Vio
  • Function : Author


Aims. We construct the molecular mass function using the bivariate K -band-mass function (BMF) of the Herschel Reference Survey (HRS), which is a volume-limited sample that has already been widely studied at the entire electromagnetic spectrum. Methods. The molecular mass function was derived from the K -band and the gas mass cumulative distribution using a copula method, which is described in detail in our previous papers. Results. The H 2 mass is relatively strongly correlated with the K -band luminosity because of the tight relation between the stellar mass and the molecular gas mass within the sample with a scatter, which is likely due to those galaxies which have lost their molecular content because of environmental effects or because of a larger gas consumption due to past star formation processes. The derived H 2 MF samples the molecular mass range from ∼4 × 10 6 M ⊙ to ∼10 10 M ⊙ , and when compared with theoretical models, it agrees well with the theoretical predictions at the lower end of the mass values; whereas at masses larger than 10 10 M ⊙ , the HRS sample may miss galaxies with a large content of molecular hydrogen and the outcomes are not conclusive. The value of the local density of the molecular gas mass inferred from our analysis is ∼1.5 × 10 7 M ⊙ Mpc −3 , and it is compared with the results at larger redshifts, confirming the lack of strong evolution for the molecular mass density between z = 0 and z = 4. Conclusions. This is the first molecular mass function that has been derived on a complete sample in the local Universe, which can be used as a reliable calibration at redshift z = 0 for models aiming to predict the evolution of the molecular mass density.
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Dates and versions

hal-03366442 , version 1 (17-03-2023)



P. Andreani, Y. Miyamoto, H. Kaneko, A. Boselli, K. Tatematsu, et al.. The molecular mass function of the local Universe. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2020, 643, pp.L11. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202038675⟩. ⟨hal-03366442⟩
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