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Journal Articles Advances in Mathematics Year : 2021

Chebyshev's bias for products of irreducible polynomials

Abstract

For any $k\geq 1$, this paper studies the number of polynomials having $k$ irreducible factors (counted with or without multiplicities) in $\mathbf{F}_q[t]$ among different arithmetic progressions. We obtain asymptotic formulas for the difference of counting functions uniformly for $k$ in a certain range. In the generic case, the bias dissipates as the degree of the modulus or $k$ gets large, but there are cases when the bias is extreme. In contrast to the case of products of $k$ prime numbers, we show the existence of complete biases in the function field setting, that is the difference function may have constant sign. Several examples illustrate this new phenomenon.

Dates and versions

hal-03345854 , version 1 (15-09-2021)

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Lucile Devin, Xianchang Meng. Chebyshev's bias for products of irreducible polynomials. Advances in Mathematics, 2021, 392, pp.108040. ⟨10.1016/j.aim.2021.108040⟩. ⟨hal-03345854⟩
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