Translation of GGC repeat expansions into a toxic polyglycine protein in NIID defines a novel class of human genetic disorders: The polyG diseases - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Neuron Year : 2021

Translation of GGC repeat expansions into a toxic polyglycine protein in NIID defines a novel class of human genetic disorders: The polyG diseases

Daojun Hong
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the presence of intranuclear inclusions of unknown origin. NIID is caused by an expansion of GGC repeats in the 5' UTR of the NOTCH2NLC (N2C) gene. We found that these repeats are embedded in a small upstream open reading frame (uORF) (uN2C), resulting in their translation into a polyglycine-containing protein, uN2CpolyG. This protein accumulates in intranuclear inclusions in cell and mouse models and in tissue samples of individuals with NIID. Furthermore, expression of uN2CpolyG in mice leads to locomotor alterations, neuronal cell loss, and premature death of the animals. These results suggest that translation of expanded GGC repeats into a novel and pathogenic polyglycine-containing protein underlies the presence of intranuclear inclusions and neurodegeneration in NIID.
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hal-03339485 , version 1 (13-12-2022)

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Manon Boivin, Jianwen Deng, Véronique Pfister, Erwan Grandgirard, Mustapha Oulad-Abdelghani, et al.. Translation of GGC repeat expansions into a toxic polyglycine protein in NIID defines a novel class of human genetic disorders: The polyG diseases. Neuron, 2021, 109 (11), pp.1825-1835.e5. ⟨10.1016/j.neuron.2021.03.038⟩. ⟨hal-03339485⟩
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