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Journal Articles Environmental Pollution Year : 2021

Combined influences of transgenerational effects, temperature and insecticide on the moth Spodoptera littoralis

Abstract

Climate warming is expected to impact the response of species to insecticides. Recent studies show that this interaction between insecticides and temperature can depend on other factors. Here, we tested for the influence of transgenerational effects on the Insecticide x Temperature interaction in the crop pest moth Spodoptera littoralis. Specifically, we analysed reaction norms among experimental clutches based on a split-plot design crossing the factors temperature, insecticide and clutch. The study was performed on 2280 larvae reared at four temperatures (23, 25, 27 and 29°C), and their response to the insecticide deltamethrin (three concentrations and a control group) was tested. Temperature had a global influence with effects on larval survival, duration of development, pupal body mass, and significant reaction norms of the clutches for temperature variations of only 2°C. In addition to the expected effect of deltamethrin on mortality, the insecticide slightly delayed the development of S. littoralis, and the effects on mortality and development differed among the clutches. Projection models integrating all the observed responses illustrated the additive effects of deltamethrin and temperature on the population multiplication rate. Variation in the response of the clutches showed that transgenerational effects influenced the impact of insecticide and temperature. Although no evidence indicated that the Insecticide x Temperature interaction depended on transgenerational effects, the studies on the dependence of the Insecticide x Temperature interaction on other factors continue to be crucial to confidently predict the combined effects of insecticides and climate warming.
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Dates and versions

hal-03335189 , version 1 (06-09-2021)

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Manuel Massot, Thibaut Bagni, Annick Maria, Philippe Couzi, Thomas Drozdz, et al.. Combined influences of transgenerational effects, temperature and insecticide on the moth Spodoptera littoralis. Environmental Pollution, 2021, 289, pp.117889. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117889⟩. ⟨hal-03335189⟩
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