Looming extinctions due to invasive species: Irreversible loss of ecological strategy and evolutionary history Running title: Functional and phylogenetic extinctions due to biological invasions - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Global Change Biology Year : 2021

Looming extinctions due to invasive species: Irreversible loss of ecological strategy and evolutionary history Running title: Functional and phylogenetic extinctions due to biological invasions

Abstract

Biological invasions are one of the main drivers of biodiversity decline worldwide. However, many associated extinctions are yet to occur, meaning that the ecological debt caused by invasive species could be considerable for biodiversity. We explore extinction scenarios due to invasive species and investigate whether paying off the current extinction debt will shift the global composition of mammals and birds in terms of ecological strategy and evolutionary history. Current studies mostly focus on the number of species potentially at risk due to invasions without taking into account species characteristics in terms of ecological or phylogenetic properties. We found that 11% of phylogenetic diversity worldwide is represented by invasive-threatened species. Furthermore, 14% of worldwide trait diversity is hosted by invasive-threatened mammals and 40% by invasive-threatened birds, with Neotropical and Oceanian realms being primary risk hotspots. Projected extinctions of invasive-threatened species result in a smaller reduction in ecological strategy space and evolutionary history than expected under randomized extinction scenarios. This can be explained by the strong pattern in the clustering of ecological profiles and families impacted by invasive alien species (IAS). However, our results confirm that IAS are likely to cause the selective loss of species with unique evolutionary and ecological profiles. Our results also suggest a global shift in species composition away from those with large body mass, which mostly feed in the lower foraging strata and have an herbivorous diet (mammals). Our findings demonstrate the potential impact of biological invasions on phylogenetic and trait dimensions of diversity, especially in the Oceanian realm. We therefore call for a more systematic integration of all facets of diversity when investigating the consequences of biological invasions in future studies. This would help to establish spatial prioritizations regarding IAS threats worldwide and anticipate the consequences of losing specific ecological profiles in the invaded community.
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hal-03312166 , version 1 (02-08-2021)

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Céline Bellard, Camille Bernery, Camille Leclerc. Looming extinctions due to invasive species: Irreversible loss of ecological strategy and evolutionary history Running title: Functional and phylogenetic extinctions due to biological invasions. Global Change Biology, 2021, ⟨10.1111/gcb.15771⟩. ⟨hal-03312166⟩
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