Analysing different exposures identifies that wearing masks and establishing COVID-19 areas reduce secondary-attack risk in aged-care facilities - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Epidemiology Year : 2021

Analysing different exposures identifies that wearing masks and establishing COVID-19 areas reduce secondary-attack risk in aged-care facilities

Abstract

Background The COVID-19 epidemic has spread rapidly within aged-care facilities (ACFs), where the infection-fatality ratio is high. It is therefore urgent to evaluate the efficiency of infection prevention and control (IPC) measures in reducing SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Methods We analysed the COVID-19 outbreaks that took place between March and May 2020 in 12 ACFs using reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR) and serological tests for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Using maximum-likelihood approaches and generalized linear mixed models, we analysed the proportion of infected residents in ACFs and identified covariates associated with the proportion of infected residents. Results The secondary-attack risk was estimated at 4.1%, suggesting a high efficiency of the IPC measures implemented in the region. Mask wearing and the establishment of COVID-19 zones for infected residents were the two main covariates associated with lower secondary-attack risks. Conclusions Wearing masks and isolating potentially infected residents appear to be associated with a more limited spread of SARS-CoV-2 in ACFs.
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Dates and versions

hal-03289625 , version 1 (08-05-2022)

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Bastien Reyné, Christian Selinger, Mircea T Sofonea, Stéphanie Miot, Amandine Pisoni, et al.. Analysing different exposures identifies that wearing masks and establishing COVID-19 areas reduce secondary-attack risk in aged-care facilities. International Journal of Epidemiology, 2021, 50 (6), pp.1788-1794. ⟨10.1093/ije/dyab121⟩. ⟨hal-03289625⟩
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