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Book Sections Year : 2019

Predicting the effects of climate change on bird population dynamics

Abstract

Climate variation strongly influences fluctuations in size of avian populations. In this chapter, we show that it is difficult to predict how the abundance of birds will respond to climate change. A major reason for this is that most available time series of fluctuations in population size are in a statistical sense short, thus often resulting in large uncertainties in parameter estimates. We therefore argue that reliable population predictions must be based on models that capture how climate change will affect vital rates as well as including other processes (e.g. density-dependences) known to affect the population dynamics of the species in question. Our survey of examples of such forecast studies show that reliable predictions necessarily contain a high level of uncertainty. A major reason for this is that avian population dynamics are strongly influenced by environmental stochasticity, which is for most species, irrespective of their life history, the most important driver of fluctuations in population size. Credible population predictions must therefore assess the effects of such uncertainties as well as biases in population estimates.
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Dates and versions

hal-03282116 , version 1 (15-10-2021)

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Bernt-Erik Sæther, Steinar Engen, Marlène Gamelon, Vidar Grøtan. Predicting the effects of climate change on bird population dynamics. Peter O. Dunn; Anders Pape Møller. Effects of climate change on birds, Oxford University Press, pp.74 - 90, 2019, ⟨10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0007⟩. ⟨hal-03282116⟩
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