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Book Sections Year : 2021

The Subantarctic lithospheric mantle

Guillaume Delpech
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  • IdHAL : gdelpech
James M Scott
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Michel Grégoire
Bertrand N. Moine
Dongxu Li
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Jingao Liu
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D. Graham Graham Pearson
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Quinten H A van Der Meer
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Tod E Waight
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Suzanne y O'Reilly
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Abstract

We present a summary of peridotite in the Subantarctic (46 to 60°S) surrounding the Antarctic Plate. Peridotite xenoliths occur on Kerguelen and Auckland islands. Kerguelen islands are underlain by a plume whereas the Auckland Islands are part of continental Zealandia, which is a Gondwana-rifted fragment. Small amounts of serpentinised peridotite has been dredged from fracture zones on the Southeast Indian, Southwest Indian, and Pacific Antarctic Ridge, and represents upwelled asthenosphere accreted to form lithosphere. Supra-subduction zone peridotite has been collected from two locations on the Sandwich Plate. Peridotites from most Subantarctic occurrences are moderately to highly depleted, and many show signs of subsequent metasomatic enrichment. Os isotopes indicate that the Subantarctic continental and oceanic lithospheric mantle contains ancient fragments that underwent depletion long before formation of the overlying crust.
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hal-03266963 , version 1 (22-06-2021)

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Guillaume Delpech, James M Scott, Michel Grégoire, Bertrand N. Moine, Dongxu Li, et al.. The Subantarctic lithospheric mantle. The Geochemistry and Geophysics of the Antarctic Mantle, pp.M56-2020-13, 2021, ⟨10.1144/M56-2020-13⟩. ⟨hal-03266963⟩
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