Levels, Spatial and Temporal Variations, and Associated Factors of Twin Excess Mortality From Ages 0–5 in Sub-Saharan Africa: Analyses of National Surveys From 42 Countries - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Poster Communications Year : 2021

Levels, Spatial and Temporal Variations, and Associated Factors of Twin Excess Mortality From Ages 0–5 in Sub-Saharan Africa: Analyses of National Surveys From 42 Countries

Abstract

BACKGROUND Twin children are more likely to die than singletons. In sub-Saharan African countries, this is an additional burden, as child mortality levels are already higher than anywhere else. OBJECTIVE This article presents under-5 mortality rates (U5MR) for twins and singletons in sub-Saharan Africa from 1986 to 2016. It describes the geographical variations and changes over time. It also describes the variation of twins’ excess mortality according to age, between 0 and 5 years old. Moreover, it analyses the factors associated with twins’ excess mortality. METHODS We have used data from 156 national surveys (Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) & Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey) from 42 countries. RESULTS The findings show that U5MR are, on average, 3 times higher among twins compared to singletons. The multivariate results show that, all else being equal, the adjusted Hazard Ratio (HRa) of twins is 3.2 times higher (2.9 -3.3; p<0.001) than that of singletons. The main factors associated with excess mortality risks among twins are a set of biomedical and nutritional features, composed of birthweight, caesarean section, antenatal visits and breastfeeding. Among these factors, non-breastfeeding is associated with 4 times higher mortality risks for twins than for singletons; and caesarean delivery is associated with lower mortality risks for twins than for singletons. CONCLUSION In sub-Saharan Africa, the health of twin children is a major health challenge. CONTRIBUTION The geographical variations and changes over time in twins' excess mortality in sub-Saharan Africa analysed here is a new contribution to the literature.
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Dates and versions

hal-03243707 , version 1 (31-05-2021)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03243707 , version 1

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Adama Ouédraogo, Gilles Pison, Sophie Le Coeur, Abdramane Soura. Levels, Spatial and Temporal Variations, and Associated Factors of Twin Excess Mortality From Ages 0–5 in Sub-Saharan Africa: Analyses of National Surveys From 42 Countries. Population Association of America (PAA) Annual Meeting, May 2021, St. Louis, Missouri (Virtual), United States. , 2021. ⟨hal-03243707⟩
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