Essential role of the plant DNA polymerase theta for the repair of replication-associated DNA damage under standard and abiotic stress conditions - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Plant Journal Year : 2021

Essential role of the plant DNA polymerase theta for the repair of replication-associated DNA damage under standard and abiotic stress conditions

Abstract

Safeguard of genome integrity is a key process in all living organisms. Due to their sessile lifestyle, plants are particularly exposed to all kinds of stress conditions that could induce DNA damage. However, very few genes involved in the maintenance of genome integrity are indispensable to plants' viability. One remarkable exception is the POLQ gene that encodes DNA polymerase theta (Pol θ), a non-replicative polymerase involved in Trans-Lesion Synthesis (TLS) during DNA replication and Double-Strand Breaks (DSB) repair. The Arabidopsis tebichi (teb) mutants, deficient for Pol θ, have been reported to display severe developmental defects, leading to the conclusion that Pol θ is required for normal plant development. However, this essential role of Pol θ in plants is challenged by contradictory reports regarding the phenotypic defects of teb mutants, and the recent finding that rice null mutants develop normally. Here we show that the phenotype of teb mutants is highly variable. Taking advantage of hypomorphic mutants for the replicative DNA polymerase , that display constitutive replicative stress, we show that Pol θ allows maintenance of meristem activity when DNA replication is partially compromised. Furthermore, we found that the phenotype of Pol θ mutants can be aggravated by modifying their growth conditions, suggesting that environmental conditions impact the basal level of replicative stress, and providing evidence for a link between plants' response to adverse conditions, and mechanisms involved in the maintenance of genome integrity.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
merged.pdf (23.27 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-03240087 , version 1 (27-05-2021)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Maherun Nisa, Clara Bergis, Jose-Antonio Pedroza-Garcia, Jeannine Drouin-Wahbi, Christelle Mazubert, et al.. Essential role of the plant DNA polymerase theta for the repair of replication-associated DNA damage under standard and abiotic stress conditions. Plant Journal, 2021, pp.1-40. ⟨10.1111/tpj.15295⟩. ⟨hal-03240087⟩
968 View
182 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More