Linear and nonlinear optical properties of a quadrupolar carbo-benzene and its benzenic parent: The carbo-merization effect - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Dyes and Pigments Year : 2021

Linear and nonlinear optical properties of a quadrupolar carbo-benzene and its benzenic parent: The carbo-merization effect

Abstract

Herein, the optical properties of thiophene-functionalized quadrupolar carbo-benzenes and a benzenic parent, of generic structure Th–Ctriple bondC–[core]–Ctriple bondC–Th, Th = R2C4HS, are comparatively investigated. Beyond the previously unknown dioctylthienylethynylbenzene (core = p-C6H4, R = nOct), two bis-dialkylthienylethynyl-carbo-benzenes (core = C18Ph4, R = nOct, nBu) are envisaged for the unique "carbo-aromatic" character of the C18 macrocycle. The three targets were synthesized from the corresponding ethynylthiophenes in 47, 20 and 10% yield, respectively, then characterized by classical methods such as NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography for one of the carbo-benzenes. Regarding linear and nonlinear optical properties, our results show that the carbo-merization induces a significant shift to lower energies of the one-photon electronic excitations accompanied by an 8-fold increase of the molar extinction coefficient compared to the parent molecule. Intriguingly, these excitations lead to a broad band of photoluminescence comprising decay transitions of the type S1 → S0 but also of the type S2 → S0. This phenomenon of emission from higher excited states, which is contrary to Kasha's rule, is assigned to - or revealed by - a reduction of the internal conversion efficiency between S2 and S1. Two-photon induced transitions are also enhanced, the two-photon absorption cross-section (σ2PA) being in average five times larger for the carbo-benzenes than for their benzene parent in the wavelength range 650–950 nm, with a maximum of σ2PA = 1430 GM (1 GM = 10−50 cm4 s/photon). Beyond a moderate nonlinearity, this comparative study provides quantitative insights about the way carbo-merization or insertion of a π-conjugated macrocycle between chromophoric functions (here thiophene rings) can tune optical properties of organic molecules. The optical properties of the bis-dialkylthienylethynyl-carbo-benzenes are also discussed in regard of recent reports on organic chromophores based on other types of π-conjugated macrocyclic cores.
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hal-03202845 , version 1 (13-02-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Rodrigo Barba-Barba, Marwa Chammam, Gabriel Ramos-Ortiz, Dymytrii Listunov, Jayaramakrishnan Velusamy, et al.. Linear and nonlinear optical properties of a quadrupolar carbo-benzene and its benzenic parent: The carbo-merization effect. Dyes and Pigments, 2021, 188, pp.109133. ⟨10.1016/j.dyepig.2021.109133⟩. ⟨hal-03202845⟩
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