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Journal Articles Physical Review Fluids Year : 2018

Influence of capillarity and gravity on confined Faraday waves

Abstract

Experiments characterizing the influence of gravity and interfacial tension on Faraday instability in immiscible, confined fluid layers are presented. The variation in interfacial tension was obtained by controlling the temperature of a suitable binary fluid pair while the influence of gravity was analyzed through a series of terrestrial and microgravity (parabolic flight) experiments. These experiments confirm the existence of a crossover frequency, on either side of which gravity plays opposing roles. The current experiments also reveal that the neutral stability curves under Earth's gravity drift toward lower frequencies as the temperature of the liquid pair approaches its upper consolutal value, i.e., the temperature of complete miscibility. Such drifts in the low frequency range are shown to occur primarily due to the reduction in density difference between the layers, whereas at very high frequencies they are controlled by the lowering of interfacial tension. In the absence of gravity, the Faraday waves are characterized by larger wave numbers, and, as in terrestrial conditions, the instability thresholds at high frequencies increase with an increase of temperature, i.e., reduction in interfacial tension value. This surprising stabilization originates from the lowering of the critical wavelength that leads to increased viscous dissipation.
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hal-03185122 , version 1 (30-05-2024)

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S. Diwakar, Vibhor Jajoo, Sakir Amiroudine, Satoshi Matsumoto, Ranga Narayanan, et al.. Influence of capillarity and gravity on confined Faraday waves. Physical Review Fluids, 2018, 3 (7), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevFluids.3.073902⟩. ⟨hal-03185122⟩
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