Non long‐range corrected density functionals incorrectly describe the intensity of the C-H stretching band in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Computational Chemistry Year : 2021

Non long‐range corrected density functionals incorrectly describe the intensity of the C-H stretching band in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Abstract

We present a comprehensive study of the most relevant numerical aspects influencing frequencies and intensities in the infrared spectrum of isolated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) regarding the overestimate of the IR CH-stretching bands. We use naphthalene as benchmark and show the validity of our results to different members of the PAH family. Our analysis relies on widely employed density functional theory methods and second-order vibrational perturbational theory for the computation of vibrational eigenstates. We have focused on the elucidation of the origin of the systematic overestimate of the intensities in the CH-stretching region. To rule out nonfundamental numerical errors, we have initially considered the influence of the electronic basis set and various other parameters on the different stages of the vibrational analysis. In a second stage, we have benchmarked the results of different density functional theory functionals with respect to the aforementioned overestimate taken as the ratio between the most prominent features of the spectrum, the CH-bending and the CH-stretching bands. Our results unambiguously indicate that the long-range correction plays a major role in this spurious numerical issue. More specifically, this phenomenon is due to an incorrect description of the charge distribution (and hence dipole) within the symmetrically relevant C-H bonds. Long-range correction specifically remedies this issue. It improves the description of the intensities in the stretching region while at the same time it does not perturb significantly the rest of the spectrum. With respect to the frequencies, we have observed an overall improvement when compared to noncorrected functionals.
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Dates and versions

hal-03183938 , version 1 (29-03-2021)

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Hugo Geindre, Abdul-Rahman Allouche, Daniel Peláez. Non long‐range corrected density functionals incorrectly describe the intensity of the C-H stretching band in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Journal of Computational Chemistry, 2021, ⟨10.1002/jcc.26520⟩. ⟨hal-03183938⟩
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