Characterization of a hemp-based agro-material: Influence of starch ratio and hemp shive size on physical, mechanical, and hygrothermal properties - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Energy and Buildings Year : 2017

Characterization of a hemp-based agro-material: Influence of starch ratio and hemp shive size on physical, mechanical, and hygrothermal properties

Abdelatif Merabtine
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Hamzé Karaky
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Guillaume Polidori

Abstract

Hemp shives is a lightweight material known for its insulating properties. Associating these bio-fibers with plant-based matrix instead of a mineral binder in insulation applications is of ecological interest. This article describes the study of a low environmental impact 100% plant-based material made solely from wheat starch and hemp shives. The hemp/starch ratio (H/S) influence and hemp shive size are studied. Samples are evaluated in terms of physical properties, mechanical behaviour and hygrothermal properties through an experimental approach. Results show that increasing 0–5 mm hemp shive proportion from 15% to 30% leads to a significant enhancement of the mechanical and hygric characteristics due to the load transfer and porosity. However, when the H/S ratio increases, mechanical and hygrothermal characteristics decrease slightly. Finally, the hemp-starch agro-material with H/S equal to 8 and 30% of 0–5 mm hemp shive seems to be the optimal composition between the studied samples.
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Dates and versions

hal-03162520 , version 1 (08-03-2021)

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Alexandra Bourdot, Tala Moussa, Alexandre Gacoin, Chadi Maalouf, Patricia Vazquez, et al.. Characterization of a hemp-based agro-material: Influence of starch ratio and hemp shive size on physical, mechanical, and hygrothermal properties. Energy and Buildings, 2017, 153, pp.501-512. ⟨10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.08.022⟩. ⟨hal-03162520⟩
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